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Types of intra-courses using English as instrument of instruction

According to《National Chung Hsing University Classification criteria for intramural English as instrument of instruction curricula》,there are mainly four types of intramural English-taught courses offered to meet different learning goals.

  • English for General Purposes (EGP):In EGP classrooms, instructions and activites are allowed to take place alternatively in dual language (Mandarin and English).The aim of an EGP course is to provide a general understanding of major English language skills that everyone uses in a variety of daily situations.Learning outcomes and course assessments align with the aim of the course.There is not a direct correspondence between an EGP class and one/certain academic discipline(s).
  • English for General Academic Purposes(EGAP):In EGAP classrooms, instructions and activites are allowed to take place alternatively in dual language (Mandarin and English).The aim of an EGAP course is to expose students to common academic skills and practices in order to undertake study(research). Learning outcomes and course assessments align with the aim of the course. An EGAP course is involved in the improvement of core academic language skills used in a higher education setting.
  • English for Specific Academic Purposes(ESAP):In ESAP classrooms, instructions and activites are allowed to take place alternatively in dual language (Mandarin and English).The course constitutes a general introduction to terminology, topics and contexts that are relevant to one/certain academic discipline(s).Learning outcomes and course assessments align with the aim of the course. ESAP is considered a pathway course designed to prepare students with sufficient skills, knowledge to meet eligibility requirements for an English as a Medium of Instruction (EMI) couse.
  • English as a Medium of Instruction(EMI):For EMI courses, 100% of the delivery of content, teacher-student interaction, the learning materials, and the demonstration and assessment of learning outcomes (such as oral presentations, assignments, or tests) should be in English.In certain circumstances, students may interact with each other in Mandarin, for example, during group discussions where Mandarin may be used briefly to facilitate creative thinking and brainstorming. However, students are still expected to present their discussions in English, and should be encouraged to use English more often in classroom discussions as their English proficiency improves or as they choose to take more EMI courses.Meanwhile, students should also present their discussions in English. The use of other languages in the classroom should be limited, and student interaction in small groups may be in other languages to facilitate mutual understanding and creative thinking, and teachers should ensure that at least 70% of classroom communication is in English.

Examples of Different Course Types and Format Explained

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